The Global Positioning System (GPS), otherwise called Navstar, is a worldwide route satellite framework (GNSS) that provides geo-coordinates in every single climate condition, anyplace on or close to the Earth.
The GPS framework gives basic location capacities to military, private, and business clients around the globe.
The United States government made the framework, is responsible for looking after it, and makes it openly available to anybody with a GPS receiver/device.
Roger L. Easton was the key creator and architect of the Global Positioning System, alongside Ivan A. Getting and Bradford Parkinson.He was an American researcher and physicist.
Easton was born in Craftsbury, Vermont, on April 30, 1921 and moved on from Middlebury College in 1943.
He additionally went to the University of Michigan for 1 semester before joining the Naval Research Laboratory in 1943.
At the Naval Research Laboratory, he worked in the Radio Division on radar signals and blind landing frameworks.
Easton also worked in the lab’s Rocket-Sonde Branch, which was managing space related research.
In 1955, He worked on the Naval Research Laboratory’s Project Vanguard proposition for a U.S. satellite project in competition with two different projects, including a proposition from the U.S. Armed force arranged by Wernher Von Braun.
The Eisenhower Administration chose Project Vanguard.
In 1957, Easton imagined the Minitrack following framework to decide the Vanguard satellite’s circle.
In 1959, he outlined the Naval Space Surveillance (NAVSPASUR) framework.
The Naval Space Surveillance System turned into the principal framework to distinguish and track a wide range of Earth-circling objects.
Later in his vocation at NRL, Easton considered, protected, and drove the improvement of crucial empowering advancements for the United States Global Positioning System (GPS).
Amid the 1960s and mid 1970s, he built up a new navigational framework with latent going, round circles, and space-borne high accuracy checks for satellites.
The system was tried with four trial satellites: TIMATION I and II (in 1967 and 1969) and Navigation Technology Satellites (NTS) 1 and 2 (in 1974 and 1977). NTS-2 was the principal satellite to transmit GPS signals.
Easton resigned in 1980.
George W. Bush recompensed Easton the National Medal of Technology, which is the highest form of honor granted for the advancement in technology for his “broad spearheading accomplishments in shuttle following, route and timing innovation that prompted the advancement of the NAVSTAR-Global Positioning System (GPS)” in 2006.
On March 31, 2010, Easton was into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
He received the NIHF Medal of Honor for the improvement of timed navigation (TIMATION – U.S. Patent 3,789,409) that gave both exact position and exact time to physical based objects, an essential part of contemporary Global Positioning Systems.
Amid his vocation at the Naval Research Laboratory, Easton was awarded:
- In 1960, as The Distinguished Civilian Service Award
- In 1978, awarded by The Institute of Navigation’s Colonel Thomas L. Thurlow Navigation Award
- The Naval Space Surveillance Center built up the Roger L. Easton Science and Engineering Award (1991)
- Enlisted into the GPS Hall of Fame (1996)
- Magellanic Premium (1997)
- In 2013, was awarded by his highness himself, Amir of Kuwait of12th Sheik Salam Al-Ali Al-Sabah Informatics Badge of Honor for Easton’s accomplishment for the “Prime Inventor of GPS”.
He died on May 8, 2014 at 93 years old and his works were remembered for its great influence in our daily lives.